Around the world, there are countless wonderful and fascinating sights to see – but there are some historical sites that were lost from the world for hundreds of years. After being lost for hundreds, if not thousands, of years, magnificent ancient lost cities have been discovered and excavated by historians and archaeologists. Now they have been rediscovered, we can use them to learn about ancient civilisations.
In southwestern Iran, the ancient city of Persepolis was founded by Darius I in 518 BCE, taking over 100 years to complete. With stunningly intricate carvings covering the stone ruins, it is clear that this is a city fit for a King. Persepolis was designed to be the home of the government of the Achaemenid Empire, as well as a spectacle for receptions and festivals. With grandiose design and an immense political and cultural history, this is a bucket-list historical site.
This is surely one of the most famous ancient lost cities in the world – Pompeii. In 79 AD, Mount Vesuvius erupted spewing hot volcanic ash onto the city of Pompeii just below. In the eruption, ash descended on the city burying citizens, their homes, and their possessions, immediately leaving much of it intact. The city remains as a living statue – you can see a snapshot of an ancient civilization caught at the very moment it fell. With 12 square kilometres to explore, Pompeii is a unique archaeological site and a stunning lost city.
Machu Picchu, located in the Cusco region of Peru, is an Incan citadel located at a staggering altitude of 7972 ft. With luscious vistas of the mountainous Peruvian landscape surrounding and a well-preserved glimpse into the lives of the Incan empire, Machu Picchu was rediscovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham. Since the Incans did not have a written language, all historical understanding of Machu Picchu is thanks to archaeological excavation and analysis. The “Lost City of the Incas” was likely constructed for Pachacuti and, in recent years, has become one of the world’s most visited tourist destinations.